Java and Python are the two most trending and Powerful languages of recent times and it is quite common to get confused when it comes to picking one out of the two. Now the most common question asked by the beginners is which one is better Java or python. This is Sayantini from Edureka and in today’s session, I will talk about how both the languages differ from one another and which one fits your goal better. So let’s get started. The number of programming languages used in production and day-to-day life has seen an enormous growth in the last decade now from those bustling numbers. We are going to narrow our Focus to the two most popular languages that have created quite a buzz among the developers as well as the beginners.
So let’s begin with a brief introductionof both the languages. Java is one of the mostfundamental languages that produces softwarefor multiple platforms. And the best thing is that it is machine independent and can be writtenonce and run anywhere python on the other hand isa simple easy to read and high-levelprogramming language, but program is mostly fall in love with it because ofthe increased productivity that it provides both of these have been the two most popular and controversiallanguages of the decade. So let’s move ahead and take a look at the variousaspects of comparison that will help us to findan answer to the question which one is betterout of the two now if we take a look at the speedof java and python, the former is a staticallytyped programming language, which makes it faster. Where is the lateris an interpreter which determines the type of data at runtime thusmaking it slower comparatively when it comes to Legacy Javas historyin the Enterprise.
And the world was coding style are typically largerand more numerous. Where is python hasless Legacy problem, which makes it difficult for the organization’s to copy and paste codes now boththe languages are pretty simple and easy to write but if we look at the length of both the codes pythonconsists of less number of lines or shorter codes as compared to Java which are also easy to understand anothercharacteristic is the databases Java database connectivityis most popular and widely used to connect whereas pythons databaseaccess layers are weaker than jdbc that is why itis rarely used in Enterprises. Now if I lookat the Practical agility Java provides more undeviatingrefactoring support then python because of itsstatic type system and universality of IDEfor the development of mobile and web applications. But python has becomea popular choice for all the recent Technologies, like data science, machine learning, iot and artificialintelligence. Next up, If we look at the search resultsof US and India in the last five years UShas seen a drastic drift in the domination of boththe languages there has been a significant growthin the search for python whereas the other has seena gradual decrease in the graph. India has also seen a growthin case of python.
The next feature of comparisonsis the salary growth of java engineers and python Engineersbased on their experience. We can see that therehas been a steady growth in both the situations overa certain period of time now if we compare the growthof both the engineers in case of fresherspython has a little Edge over java due toits increased demand in the recent times nowadays. The jobs are mostrelated to Automation and artificial intelligence. Which prefer Know what Java and that’s exactly why wecan see the shift in the graph. Whereas if we lookat the expansion just in case of experienced Engineers Javadominates over the time because Java has been in use way before python became popular and therefore the experienced Engineersfind it convenient for them to stick to their comfort zone insteadof moving to a new language.
Now, let us have a look at oneof the most important aspects that makes Java and pythondifferent from each other and this might help you to finally decidethe winner out of the to let’s have a look at someof the basic differences. Java is a compiledprogramming language and the source codeis compiled down to bytecode by the Java compiler and the byte code is executedby a Java virtual machine on the other hand pythonis an interpreted language as the translationoccurs at the same time as the program is being executed now Java supportsencapsulation inheritance. Polymorphism and abstraction, which makes itan object-oriented language python is alsoan object oriented language, but it has an added Advantage. It is also a scripting language and it is easy to writescripts in Python. Now statically typed programminglanguages do type checking at compile timeas opposed to run time. Whereas the dynamically typed programming languagesdo type checking at runtime as against compile time and it helps you writea little quicker because you are doing not haveto specify types every time next if we compare the number of lines in a code pythoncan perform the same action with fewer lines than the same code writtenin Java in this example.
We are printing the statementhello world using both the languages but in Java, we need to define a classand a main function which makes ita 3 line code already. Where is we can justuse the print function for the statement. Case of pythonin Java programming language if you miss the semicolonat the end of a statement, it will throw an errorbut there is no such need of any semicolonto end the statement in case of python nowanother important difference in the syntax of both. The languages isthe indentation in Java. You must Define a particularblock using curly braces. Otherwise, the code won’t work. But in case of pythonthere is no such sight of any curly braces, eventhough indentation is mandatory. It also improvesthe readability of the code. So if we take a closer look atall these aspects of comparison, we can say that python hasa slight Edge over java and it would be fairto declare the former as the winner in this battle. So, what do you think do letus know about your opinion in the comment section below and also mention other aspects where you think Java wins over python till then? Thank you and happy learning. I hope you have enjoyed reading to this post. Please be kind enough to like it and you can comment any of your doubts and queries and we will reply them at the earliest do look out for more post in our blogs And subscribe to whitedevil blog to learn more. Happy learning.